STATUS OF CASHEW PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN THE WORLD AND AVENUES FOR INCREASING CASHEW PRODUCTION IN INDIA
Cashew is an evergreen tree grown mainly in the tropical regions. Origin of cashew is believed to be the North East region of Brazil. Cashew has spread to different parts of the world by the activities of Portuguese colonials, Spanish sailors and the birds like bats. Currently, cashew has attained the status of an important tree nut crop in the world. Historically, India, Brazil and African countries dominated cashew production and trade. After 2006, Vietnam became the world leader in cashew with a significant increase in cashew production and earnings from export. In the cashew cultivation area, CÃ´te d’Ivoire stands first with 26% and India stands second with 17% area of global cashew. Vietnam earns foreign exchange worth the US $ 2 billion which is nearly three times that of India’s earnings of US $ 0.7 billion. Global per capita consumption of cashew kernels has risen by about 47%. Cashew production in India can be increased with a multipronged approach involving area expansion, increasing crop productivity and processing efficiency. To address these issues associated with lower production various research and extension effort apart from government initiatives on area expansion have been taken up in India.
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