PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE SCOPE OF RICE CULTIVATION IN SOUTH GARO HILLS DISTRICT OF MEGHALAYA, INDIA
The farm power availability has been increased in some parts of India; however, traditional methods of cultivation practices are prevalent over NER due to highly exclusive in nature, location peculiarities, terrain, climatic patterns, etc. In south garo hills district of Meghalaya, farmers still depend upon animals and sometimes power tiller for threshing of harvested paddy in rice cultivation. Animal threshing has its limitation due to time consuming and unavailability during the peak season. Apart from this, the farmers still depend upon human labour for winnowing practices. This method is facing some of the constraints in terms of production, labour availability, labour drudgery and economic return. This study deals with the introduction of pedal operated paddy thresher and hand operated winnower in rice cultivation system at south garo hills, district of Meghalaya. It was found that the average threshing capacity of thresher was 49.80 (kg/hr) against the traditional methods of 74.36 (kg/hr) and winnowing capacity of 240 kg/hr against 130 kg/hr in traditional method. It also increased the Benefit-Cost ratio from 1.4:1 to 2.00:1 using the combine technology; thereby increase the farmers’ income and reduced the cost of cultivation from 41,437 Rs/ha to 29,137 Rs/ha after the intervention of technology.
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