EXTENT OF FARM WOMEN PARTICIPATION IN SERICULTURE
Mulberry is an economical important tree, being cultivated for its leaves, to rear silkworms Bombyx mori. India occupies second in global silk production with 0.31 lakh metric tons after china with 1.42 lakh metric tons. Whereas Karnataka has got highest area and production in India. Sericulture is an agro based labour intensive industry providing gainful employment mostly for rural people. Sericulture is considered as a boon to many farmers in the drought prone areas in southern part of Karnataka like Kolar and Chikkaballapur districts. Rearing of silkworm is an art and science; popularly known as sericulture and agro based cottage industries provide employment, to million in China, India, Korea and Vietnam. Sericulture in Karnataka (South India) has been practiced mainly in southern part of the State for many decades. Being rural based labour intensive industry sericulture is ideally suited for improving the social and economic standards of the poor. Sericulture serves as an important tool for rural reconstruction, benefiting the weaker sections of the society. Sericulture provides not only periodical return within short period of time but also assures own family employment opportunities around the year (Lakshmanan et al.,2005).Kolar stands first in the production of mulberry (sericulture) in Karnataka. Farmers of Kolar and Chikkabalapur districts are depending on sericulture as a major occupation for their lively wood. Farmers of Kolar and Chikkabalapur districts are digging bore wells upto 1200 to 1500ft for irrigation. Hence mulberry can be grown as tree under rain fed condition to overcome irrigation problem in dry region with wider spacing. The present study was conducted in Siddlagahatta and Chintamani taluks of Chikkaballapur district and Bangarpet and Srinivasapur taluks of Kolar district during 2017-18 in Karnataka It is reported from the study that majority (95.83%) farm women were attending weeding operation in sericulture followed by(91.66%) were attending intercultural operations, 100 percent of farm women were participating in harvesting of cocoons followed by disinfection of rearing house, rearing materials(96.66%).It suggested that farmers can be educated on wider spacing through on farm trainings in large scale to raise mulberry under dry land conditions. So, that farmer can learn to survive under rain fed condition in sustainable manner .This study was undertaken to know the extent of farm women participation in Sericulture and identify problems faced in sericulture farmers in adoption of improved cultivation practices in Kolar and Chikkaballapur districts of Karnataka.
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