CLUSTER PROMOTION PROGRAMME (CPP) – A BOON FOR DEVELOPMENT OF BIVOLTINE SERICULTURE IN KALYANDURG, ANANTHAPUR DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Cluster Promotion Programme (CPP) was implemented during 2008-2019 under XI & XII five year plans to generate gradable Bivoltine raw silk and project India as a potential Bivoltine silk producer in the international scenario. Kalyandurg has become one of the clusters selected for implementing the CPP out of 17 clusters selected to implement CPP in Andhra Pradesh. CPP was implemented in Kalyandurg during 2010-19 and distributed 28.51 lakh of DFLs against the target of 24.75 lakh with a significant achievement of 121.44%. During the CPP implemented period, 26.80 lakh DFLs were harvested, produced 1397.7MT of cocoons and contributed in generation of 275.85MT graded Bivoltine raw silk. Bivoltine DFLs brushing was raised progressively from the bench mark level (25000) to 59600 (2010-11), 63300 (2011-12), 69925 (2012-13), 133025 (2013-14), 246945 (2014-15), 327895 (2015-16), 540625 (2016-17), 653100 (2017-18) and 756400 (2018-19) DFLs with a percentage of achievement as against the given annual target was recorded as 119%, 106%, 108%, 133%, 165%, 109%, 150%, 102% and 101% respectively. Cocoon yield kg/100 DFLs was also recorded significant level of increase ranging from 61 kgs (2010-11) to 76 kgs (2018-19) per 100 DFLs whereas, bench mark yield was 45 kg/100 DFLs. Bivoltine cocoons generated by the Kalyandurg cluster farmers fetched higher market prices which ranged from Rs. 288/kg to Rs. 482.0/kg with average rate of RS. 347/kg while benchmark rate was Rs. 223. For the horizontal development of sericulture around 1857 acres of new mulberry plantation was undertaken among 1453 farmers followed by the organization of 157 extension & communication programmes (ECPs) and 41 Farmers Skill Trainings (FSTs) and sensitised 6,632 sericultural farming communities on various improved technologies for further accelerating the Bivoltine sericulture development under the cluster. The improvement in all aspects indicates the success of CPP in Kalyandurg during 2010-19 is nothing but intensive adoption of integrated technologies in cluster approach.
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