ASSESSMENT OF THE ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING IN MULTIPURPOSE SOAPNUT FRUIT (SAPINDUS EMARGINATUS (VAHL.)
The nature is the treasury of million plants, it posses solution for all kind of tribulations. Currently the emerging problem in medical science is the resistance developed by microbes to all known class of chemicals. So identifying new microbial inhibitors for controlling microbial population and the newly emerging diseases by formulating new microbial inhibitors is the fresh challenge to mankind. Developing a commercial formulation is yet another task. In this study an attempt has been made to extract the potential microbial inhibitorsinSapindus emarginatus (Vahl.) and to screen the phyto chemicals that are present in the soapnut pericarp fruit extract (ethanol extract). Phytochemicals such as flavonoids, Triterpenoids, glycosides, carbohydrates, fatty acids, phenols, fixed oil, and saponins are present in considerable amount. Pericarp of the seed is found to contain large percentage of saponin, which is the major component responsible for microbial inhibition.
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