DISEASE INCIDENCE OF VERTICILLIUM WILT, MACROPHOMINA WILT AND COLLAR ROT OF SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.) CAUSED BY SCLEROTIUM ROLFSII SACC. FROM TRIPURA

  • D. P. Awasthi
  • Debashish Sen
  • U. Giri
  • N. Paul
  • P. Debnath
Keywords: Isolation, Symptom, Koch Postulates, Potato Dextrose Agar

Abstract

Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) is an important oilseed crop in India. It is a recognized worldwide for its beauty, sunflower oil is a valued and healthy vegetable premium oil because of  its light colour, high level of unsaturated fatty acids and lack of linolenic acid, bland flavor and high smoke points. Numbers of diseases caused by various fungi, bacteria and viruses, have been identified on wild or cultivated sunflower but only a few of them has economic significance as far as causing yield losses. Sunflower is attacked by many diseases, which reduce the yield and quality significantly under optimal conditions. During Present study, sunflower plants grown at trials allotted by Indian Institute of Oilseed Research, Hyderabad under College of Agriculture, Tripura, Lembucherra, West Tripura in the year 2016-17 and 2017-18 were evaluated for different diseases based on their characteristics symptom and plant pathological view. Results revealed that two types of wilting namely Verticillium wilt caused by Verticillium spp.  and Macrophomina wilt caused by Macrophomina phaseolina are occurring along with incidence of  collar rot of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc under Agro-Climatic condition of Tripura.

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Author Biographies

D. P. Awasthi

College of Agriculture, Tripura, Lembucherra, Tripura West - 799 210, INDIA

Debashish Sen

College of Agriculture, Tripura, Lembucherra, Tripura West - 799 210, INDIA

U. Giri

College of Agriculture, Tripura, Lembucherra, Tripura West - 799 210, INDIA

N. Paul

College of Agriculture, Tripura, Lembucherra, Tripura West - 799 210, INDIA

P. Debnath

College of Agriculture, Tripura, Lembucherra, Tripura West - 799 210, INDIA

Published
2018-12-27
How to Cite
Awasthi, D., Sen, D., Giri, U., Paul, N., & Debnath, P. (2018, December 27). DISEASE INCIDENCE OF VERTICILLIUM WILT, MACROPHOMINA WILT AND COLLAR ROT OF SUNFLOWER (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.) CAUSED BY SCLEROTIUM ROLFSII SACC. FROM TRIPURA. Innovative Farming, 3(4), 158-160. Retrieved from http://innovativefarming.in/index.php/innofarm/article/view/296