DEVELOPMENT OF BIVOLTINE SERICULTURE IN ANDHRA PRADESH AND TELANGANA STATES OF INDIA THROUGH CLUSTER PROMOTION PROGRAMME (CPP)
Keywords:Bivoltine cocoon, CPP, DFLs, Sericulture, Silkworm rearing
To elevate India in to International market with gradable silk the Cluster Promotion Programme (CPP) was implemented under XII five year plans during 2014-2019. Out of 102 clusters in Southern India 17 clusters were distributed to Andhra Pradesh (13) and Telangana States (4). The clusters under AP scattered in Atmakur & Pathikonda under Kurnool district; Penukonda, Hindupur, Madakasira and Kalyanadurgam under Anantapur district; Palamaner, V. Kota and Chittoor under Chittoor district; Giddalur under Prakasham district; Guntur and Vijayawada under Guntur & Krishna districts, Bhimadole under West Godavari district where as Chebrolu under East Godawari district. Similarly 4 clusters under TS spread over Bhongir and Suryapet under Nalgonda district; Metpalli under Karimnagar district where as Zaheerabad under Sanga Reddy district to implement CPP scrupulously for the development of Bivoltine sericulture. During five years period the impact of CPP was noticed in the Andhra Pradesh (AP) & Telangana State (TS) as that, in AP 382.13 DFLs were distributed against the target of 351.50 lakhs with an achievement of 112.61% increase. Yield of cocoon for 100 DFLs was enhanced to 71.07kg as compared to the bench mark yield (42.50kg) with 67.22% increase. In case of Telangana state (TS), 42.44 lakhs DFLs were distributed as against the target of 39.65 lakhs with 106.58% improvement. Cocoon yield was raised to 67.09kg/100 DFLs with 57.67% improvement over benchmark yield. Further, 370 DFLs were harvested among 1,43,467 farmers with 28,478.4MT cocoon generating 3,899.3MT raw silk fetching an average market rate of Rs. 366.9 in AP. In case of TS 38.92 DFLs were harvested among 13,711 farmers with 2,655.1MT cocoon generating of 379.3MT raw silk enticing an average market value of Rs. 345.13. The above findings witness that CPP implementation in both the states (AP & TS) not only proved to be a successful venture but also established as a very secured and remunerative farming compared to any other farming. Further, adoption of sericulture among the sates not only contributed significantly in generating gradable Bivoltine raw silk but also generated a ray of hope in improving the socio economic conditions of the sericultural farming fraternity.
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